MoU between power generation companies for reducing carbon emissions

Dec 23: NTPC and GE Power India Limited will partner to reduce carbon intensity at NTPC’s coal-fired units.
This is a first-of-its-kind step for coal fleet decarbonization in the country.
This partnership aims to demonstrate technologies for firing a higher percentage of torrefied biomass in NTPC’s coal-fired unit, Methanol Firing & Ammonia Firing.

Carbon reduction from coal power plants is a key challenge, and the co-firing of low-carbon fuel will facilitate the transition towards a low-carbon energy economy and, consequently, “Net Zero” emissions. In its efforts to adopt advanced powering technology to decarbonize power generation in India, NTPC Ltd., the country’s largest power generating utility, and GE Power India Limited, a listed company of GE Steam Power in India, signed today a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for feasibility to demonstrate technologies to reduce the carbon footprint of NTPC’s existing coal-fired power plants.

This first of a kind MOU aims at partnering on research, development and engineering of technologies that will enable NTPC to reduce the amount of coal-fired in their units and gradually replace it by co-firing of ‘alternate fuel’ in the boiler – both (i) carbonaceous (methanol, Carbon neutral fuel- agri-waste, biomass, etc) and (ii) non-carbonaceous (such as ammonia ). This will make use of huge amounts of existing infrastructure, and less new investment will not be required as compared to other decarbonization options. Further, as in India coal is the only option for the base load so it will help to reduce the carbon footprint from sources of reliable power, for decades in future.

As a primary goal, the collaboration is to support NTPC in the co-firing of biomass pellets beyond 20% and up to 100%, as well as enable the co-firing of methanol. It will also explore the possibility of introducing ammonia as a co-firing fuel and develop, test, and demonstrate technologies that allow total co-firing with lower carbon fuels in coal-fired power plants.

Shri Ujjwal Kanti Bhattacharya, Director of Projects, NTPC Limited, said, “We are looking forward to working with GE Power India Limited as NTPC intends to minimise the carbon footprint of our 57+ GW coal-based units. We aim to decrease the carbon footprint of our coal-fired power plants by co-firing alternative fuels such as carbon neutral fuel, Green Methanol and Green Ammonia. It will support our goal of reducing carbon emissions from our coal-based power generation as part of NTPC’s The Brighter Plan 2032, which aims at setting new benchmarks in sustainability along the entire energy value chain in India.”

Shri Prashant Jain, MD of GE Power India Limited and RGM GE Steam Power said, “This MOU is in line with our country’s efforts to adopt advanced powering technology to decarbonize power generation. We are excited to partner with NTPC Limited on finding solutions to address carbon emissions, while ensuring efficient, reliable, and affordable power generation. This is a huge stride in India’s energy transition journey as the country looks ahead to achieve its net-zero targets.”

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