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About China

China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country and third-largest in the world. The Chinese have a very long history similar to that of Greeks, Spanish, and Indians and is revered as one of the oldest civilizations that exist. China in today’s date comprises of the Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau.

Though the country is communist, it is a capitalistic communism, whereby the country provides enough support for the growth of people and businesses whereas keeping a hold on them. No Individual in China owns the land.

China is considered as the world’s second-largest economy next to the US and its growth has always been high. It emerged as the world’s fastest-growing countries and became the manufacturing hub of the world. Most of the Raw Ingredients for any type of manufacturing are produced by china. Most of the products are manufactured in china.

China is also one of the world’s most technologically advanced nations. The world’s largest e-Marketplace Alibaba is by Chinese.

Tourism also plays a major role in the economy

China is considered as a potential superpower and holds a permanent seat with veto power in the United Nations.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityBeijing
Government TypeUnitary Marxist-Leninist[1] one-party socialist republic
Official LanguagesChinese, Mangolian, Uyghur, Tibetan.
CurrencyChinese yuan, CNY
Phone Code +86
Important CitiesShanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Dongguan, Dongguan, Chongqing
National DayNational Day (1st Oct)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking31 (Very Easy)
Primary Industriesmining and ore processing; iron and steel; aluminum; coal; machinery; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemical; fertilizers; food processing; automobiles; rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; consumer products including footwear, toys, and electronics; telecommunications and information technology
Major ExportsMachinery and transport equipment, electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment, office machines and automatic data processing machines, miscellaneous manufactured articles, manufactured goods classified chiefly by material, textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, manufactures of metals, chemicals and related products.
Major Exports to IndiaAnimal, Food Products, Minerals, Vegetables, Hides and Skins, Footwear, Raw Materials, Wood, Fuels, Stone and Glass, Transportation, Textiles
Major ImportsMachinery and transport equipment, electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, road vehicles, mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, petroleum, petroleum products and related materials and gas, natural and manufactured, crude materials, inedible, except fuels, metalliferous ores and metal scrap, chemicals and related products, plastics in primary forms.
Major Imports from IndiaChemicals, Fuels, Raw Materials, Textiles and Clothing, Minerals, Machinery and Electricals, Metals, Plastic or Rubber, Vegetables, Metals, Plastic or Rubber, Animal
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaAsia Paci?c Trade Agreement(APTA), Partial Scope Agreement (PSA) and Economic Integration Agreement (EIA), Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Bilateral Trade
Bordering Nations
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC), Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement(APTA), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), East Asia Summit(EAS), Group of 20(G20), Group of 24(G24), Group of 8+5(G8+5), Global Cultural Districts Network(GCDN), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Pacific Economic Cooperation Council(PECC), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO), World Trade Organization(WTO), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for ChinaEmbassy of India
H.E.Shri Pradeep Kumar Rawat
Honourable Ambassador
5, Liang Ma Qiao Bei Jie, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People's Republic of China
00-86-10-85312500 / 2501 / 2502 / 2503

Consulate General of India in Shanghai
Dr. N. Nandakumar
Consul General
1008, Shanghai International Trade Centre, 2201, Yan An [West] Road, Shanghai –200336,P.R. China.
00-86-21-62758882 / 85 / 86

Consulate General of India in Hong Kong
Ms. Satwant Khanalia
Consul General
16/F, United Centre, 95 Queensway, Admiralty, Hong Kong SAR,China., [*Also administrative/consular jurisdiction for Macau (SAR, PRC)].
00-852-39709900, 39709922

Consulate General of India in Guangzhou
Mr. Shambhu L. Hakki
Consul General
1-4, 14th Floor, Haihang Dasha (HNA) Tower, 8 Linhe Zhong Road, Tianhe Distt.,, Guangzhou-510610, Peoples Republic of China.
00-86-20-85501501 to 05

Embassy Details of China in IndiaEmbassy of the Peoples Republic of China
H.E.Ms. Ma Jia
Charge d Affaires
50 DShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2611-2345 (O)

Consulate General in Mumbai
Mr. Kong Xianhua
Consul General
227 Backbay Reclamation, (11-floor) Nariman Point Mumbai 400 021
+91-22-5632 4303 - 06 (O)

Consulate General in Kolkata
Mr. Zha Liyou
Consul General
EC-72 Sector-1 Salt Lake City Kolkata - 700064.

033-40045200 (O)