Iraq

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About Iraq

Iraq, also known as the Republic of Iraq is a prominent country in the Middle East that has been war-torn, landlocked (except for a very small coastline). Pre-historically Iraq was the hub of the Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian eras. The country was once part of the British empire.

Iraq after the invasion by the US and subsequent insurgency and civil wars has reduced the country to the doldrums. However, Oil forms the major economy of the country.

Country Facts

 

Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityBaghdad
Government Typefederal parliamentary representative democratic republic
Official LanguagesArabic, Kurdish
CurrencyIraqi dinar, IQD
Phone Code +964
Important CitiesBaghdad, Basra, Kirkuk, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah, Al Hillah, Amarah, Nasiriyah, Karbala, Kut, Al Diwaniyah, Ramadi, Fallujah, Tikrit, Ad-Dawr, Afak, Al-Awja, Al-Faris, Al Qasim
National DayIndependence Day (Oct-03)
Economy
Ease of Doing Business Ranking172
Primary IndustriesAgriculture,Forestry,fishing and mining,Energy
Major ExportsMineral fuels, mineral oils., Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, Edible fruit and nuts, peel of citrus fruit or melons, Commodities not elsewhere specified, Raw hides and skins , Copper and articles thereof, Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material, Lead and articles thereof, Animal or vegetable fats and oils , Aluminium and articles thereof, Salt, sulphur, earths and stone, Plastics and articles thereof
Major Exports to IndiaMineral fuels, mineral oils , Cereals, Meat and edible meat offal, Pharmaceutical products, Ceramic products, Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers, Electrical machinery and equipment, Plastics and articles thereof, Rubber and articles thereof, Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit
Major ImportsMachinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers, Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, Mineral fuels, mineral oils , Natural or cultured pearls, precious , Articles of iron or steel, Plastics and articles thereof, Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes, Pharmaceutical products, Furniture, bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions, Cereals
Major Imports from IndiaMineral fuels, mineral oils , Edible fruit and nuts, peel of citrus fruit or melons, Raw hides and skins , Wool, fine or coarse animal hair, horsehair yarn, Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material, Ships, boats and floating structures, Miscellaneous chemical products, Commodities not elsewhere specified, Organic chemicals, Pharmaceutical products, Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boiler
Foreign Relations
Flags
Maps
Trade Agreements with IndiaThe bilateral relations between the Republic of Iraq and the Republic of India have traditionally been friendly and collaborative. Cultural interaction and economic trade between Indus Valley and Mesopotamia date back to 1800 BCE. The 1952 Treaty of Friendship established and strengthened ties between contemporary India and Iraq. By the 1970s, Iraq was regarded as one of India's closest allies in the Middle East.
Bordering NationsIran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Kuwait
Member ofOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), ( Arab League), ( Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), ( United Nations)
Indian Embassy DetailsH.E. Shri George Raju
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
Building No.22, Street No. 16,Mohalla No. 609, Al Mansour District Baghdad.
Email: amb.baghdad@mea.gov.in
Phone: 00-964 7704439731(M)-Amb; 00-964 7704439706(M)-HOC; 00-964 7704444899(Con)
Embassy Details in IndiaH.E. Dr. Falah Abdulhasan Abdulsada
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy Of The Republic Of Iraq
A - 15/14, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi,Delhi (NCT)-110057
Email: dlh1emb@mofa.gov.iq
Phone: 91-11-26150081,26150082