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About Iraq

Iraq, also known as the Republic of Iraq is a prominent country in the Middle East that has been war-torn, landlocked (except for a very small coastline). Pre-historically Iraq was the hub of the Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian eras. The country was once part of the British empire.

Iraq after the invasion by the US and subsequent insurgency and civil wars has reduced the country to the doldrums. However, Oil forms the major economy of the country.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityBaghdad
Government TypeFederal Parliamentary Republic
Official LanguagesArabic, Kurdish
CurrencyIraqi dinar, IQD
Phone Code +964
Important CitiesBaghdad, Basra, Kirkuk, Najaf, Sulaymaniyah, Al Hillah, Amarah, Nasiriyah, Karbala, Kut, Al Diwaniyah, Ramadi, Fallujah, Tikrit, Ad-Dawr, Afak, Al-Awja, Al-Faris, Al Qasim
National DayIndependence Day (Oct-03)
GDP (nominal)USD 297.695 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking172
Primary IndustriesAgriculture,Forestry,fishing and mining,Energy
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsIran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Kuwait
Member ofOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), ( Arab League), ( Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), ( United Nations)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Gems & Jewellery, Electrical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Fruits and Nuts, Wood and Pulp, Edible Oils & Seeds, Machinery & Appliances, Aviation Vehicles, Plastics and Products, Chemical Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Art and Antiques, Instruments & Optical Solutions
Major ImportsElectrical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Gems & Jewellery, Plastics and Products, Household Items & Products, Cereals & Pulses, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Pharmaceutical Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Ceramic Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Rubber and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Fashion and Apparel
Total Exports ValueUSD 133.905 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 75.443 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 58.462 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaThe bilateral relations between the Republic of Iraq and the Republic of India have traditionally been friendly and collaborative. Cultural interaction and economic trade between Indus Valley and Mesopotamia date back to 1800 BCE. The 1952 Treaty of Friendship established and strengthened ties between contemporary India and Iraq. By the 1970s, Iraq was regarded as one of India's closest allies in the Middle East.
Major Exports to IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Fruits and Nuts, Edible Oils & Seeds, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Chemical Products, Wood and Pulp, Live Animals and Animal Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Other Products, Machinery & Appliances, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Rubber and Products, Plastics and Products, Railway and Locomotives, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Aviation Vehicles
Major Imports from IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Pharmaceutical Products, Ceramic Products, Machinery & Appliances, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Electrical Products, Plastics and Products, Spices, Fruits and Nuts, Books and Papers, Rubber and Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Cosmetics and Accessories, Building & Construction Products & Services
India's Imports ValueUSD 34,385.50 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 2,696.72 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 32 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for IraqEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Prashant Pise
Honourable Ambassador
Building No.22, Street No. 16,Mohalla No. 609, Al Mansour District Baghdad.
00-964 7704439731(M)-Amb; 00-964 7704439706(M)-HOC; 00-964 7704444899(Con)

Consulate General of India in Erbil (Kurdistan Region of Iraq)
Shri Madan Gopal
Consul General
1010, Dream City,

Embassy Details of Iraq in IndiaIraq
Embassy of the Republic of Iraq
H.E. Mr. Nazar Mirjan Mohammed
D-1 Anand Niketan, New Delhi 110021
0091-11- 24111101/ 02 (O)

Consulate General of Iraq in Mumbai
Mr. Zuhayr Saad Abbal
Consul General
Kanchenjunga, Piano Terra 72 G.Deshmukh Marg Cumballa Hill, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400026
022 2389 8072, 22-2385 4479