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About Syria

Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic is a war-torn county in Middle East Asia. Syria has a long-standing history of housing various civilizations such as Assyrians and Akkadians.

Syria became the center of the Unrest and Arab Spring which led to civil war. The country further plunged into doldrums and economic crisis with the rise of ISIS

Economically Syria is a predominantly Oil based economy. However, agriculture also plays a small role in the country’s GDP.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityDamascus
Government TypePresidential Republic
Official LanguagesArabic
CurrencySyrian pound, SYP
Phone Code +963
Important CitiesAbu Kamal, Afrin, Arihah, Atarib, Ayn al-Arab, Azaz, Al-Bab, Baniyas, Darayya, Dayr Hafir, Douma, Duraykish, Fiq, Al-Haffah, Harem, Izra, Jableh, Jarabulus, Jisr al-Shughur, Maarat al-Numaan, Al-Malikiyah
National DayEvacuation Day (Apr-17)
GDP (nominal)USD 11.08 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking176
Primary IndustriesAgriculture,Energy and mineral resources
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsTurkey, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel
Member of(Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), ( Union for the Mediterranean), ( United Nations)
Major ExportsEdible Oils & Seeds, Fruits and Nuts, Vegetables and Related Products, Spices, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Silk & Textiles, Fashion and Apparel, Building & Construction Products & Services, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Glass and glassware, Cereals & Pulses, Retail & Fmcg Products, Books and Papers
Major ImportsPlastics and Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Edible Oils & Seeds, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Electrical Products, Fruits and Nuts, Spices, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Vegetables and Related Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Other Products, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Books and Papers
Total Exports ValueUSD 1.005 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 5.127 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 4.122 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaSyria received investments from India worth US$84 million out a total of US$800 million. India was, therefore, the third highest investor (behind Iran's lead) in the country and ahead of Germany's with US$24 million (while the EU as a whole put in US$155 million). At the time, the trade balance was in favour of India, though it was speculated that this could change with the new oil and gas contracts. Many Indian companies have also for important contracts from Syria.[when?] KEC (I) Ltd completed a contract of around US$48 million for building electricity transmission towers/network for the Jordan-Syria sector. BEML is a regular supplier of earthmoving equipment to Syria and concluded an order of around US$6 million.
Major Exports to IndiaLive Animals and Animal Products, Fruits and Nuts, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Wood and Pulp, Books and Papers, Silk & Textiles, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Plants and Flowers, Vegetables and Related Products, Spices
Major Imports from IndiaFood & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Cereals & Pulses, Pharmaceutical Products, Spices, Chemical Products, Cosmetics and Accessories, Machinery & Appliances, Silk & Textiles, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Wood and Pulp, Plastics and Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Electrical Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Edible Oils & Seeds
India's Imports ValueUSD 9.22 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 103.43 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 94.21 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for SyriaEmbassy of India
H.E. Dr. Irshad
Honourable Ambassador
3455 Sharkassiyah Ibn Al-Haitham St. Abu Rummaneh, Damascus
963-11-3347351 - 3347352 - 3347900

Embassy Details of Syria in IndiaEmbassy of the Syrian Arab Republic
H.E. Dr. Bassam Seifeddin Alkhatib
D 5/8, Vasant MargVasant ViharNew Delhi-110057
+91-11-2614 0233, 2614 8298 (O)