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About Madagascar

Madagascar, officially known as the Republic of Madagascar, and formerly known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean. This French Colony country is the world’s fourth largest island and is known for bio-diversity and unique wildlife eco system.

Madagascar is one of the poorest countries and least developed in the world. The economy depends on Eco tourism, agriculture, mining, fishing and mineral products.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionSouthern Africa
Capital CityAntananarivo
Government TypeSemi-Presidential Republic
Official LanguagesMalagasy, French
CurrencyAriary, MGA
Phone Code +261
Important CitiesToamasina, Antsirabe, Mahajanga, Fianarantsoa, Toliara, Antsiranana, Ambovombe, Antanifotsy, Amparafaravola
National DayIndependence Day (26th Jun)
GDP (nominal)USD 15.763 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking161
Primary Industriesmeat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile manufacturing, paper, petroleum, tourism,
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsComoros, Mayotte, Mauritius, Reunion, Mozambique
Member ofAfrican Union(AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 77(G77), Indian Ocean Rim Association(IORA), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), Southern Africa Development Community(SADC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Spices, Fashion and Apparel, Machinery & Appliances, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Gems & Jewellery, Cosmetics and Accessories, Vegetables and Related Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Edible Oils & Seeds, Silk & Textiles, Hides, Leather & Tannery
Major ImportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Machinery & Appliances, Edible Oils & Seeds, Electrical Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Silk & Textiles, Books and Papers, Live Animals and Animal Products, Chemical Products, Rubber and Products
Total Exports ValueUSD 3.509 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 5.478 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 1.969 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral Developmental Cooperation, Bilateral Trade, Duty Free Tariff Preference (DFTP), International Trade Board of Madagascar (ITBM)
Major Exports to IndiaSpices, Cosmetics and Accessories, Vegetables and Related Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Edible Oils & Seeds, Chemical Products, Gems & Jewellery, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Silk & Textiles, Electrical Products, Fruits and Nuts, Wood and Pulp
Major Imports from IndiaCereals & Pulses, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Pharmaceutical Products, Silk & Textiles, Machinery & Appliances, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Ceramic Products, Books and Papers, Chemical Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Electrical Products, Rubber and Products
India's Imports ValueUSD 129.49 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 525.38 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 395.89 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for MadagascarEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Bandaru Wilsonbabu
Honourable Ambassador
4, Lalana Rajaonson Emile, Tsaralalana, BP 1787, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Embassy Details of Madagascar in IndiaMadagascar
Republic of Madagascar
H.E. Mrs.Tahina Rasamoelina
Charge d Affaires
A-81 (Ground floor)Mayfair GardensAugust Kranti MargNew Delhi-110016
+91-11-4106 7747 (O)

Honorary Consulate of Madagascar in Mumbai
H.E. Mr. C.H.Kapadia
Honorary Consul
1/6, Dossa Mansion, 5th Floor Sir P.M. Road, Fort Mumbai-400001
022046735 (O)