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About Madagascar

Madagascar, officially known as the Republic of Madagascar, and formerly known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean. This French Colony country is the world’s fourth largest island and is known for bio-diversity and unique wildlife eco system.

Madagascar is one of the poorest countries and least developed in the world. The economy depends on Eco tourism, agriculture, mining, fishing and mineral products.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityAntananarivo
Government TypeUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Official LanguagesMalagasy, French
CurrencyMalagasy ariary, MGA
Phone Code +261
Important CitiesToamasina, Antsirabe, Mahajanga, Fianarantsoa, Toliara, Antsiranana, Ambovombe, Antanifotsy, Amparafaravola
National DayIndependence Day (26th Jun)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking161 (Below Average)
Primary Industriesmeat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile manufacturing, paper, petroleum, tourism,
Major Exportscoffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products.
Major Exports to IndiaTransportation, Footwear, Animal, Plastic or Rubber, Metals, Hides and skins, Textiles and Clothing, Wood, Food Products, Minerals
Major Importscapital goods, consumer goods, food
Major Imports from IndiaVegetables, Textiles and Clothing, Chemicals, Food Products, Metals, Plastic or Rubber, Transportation, Wood, Stone and Glass, Minerals
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral Developmental Cooperation, Bilateral Trade, Duty Free Tariff Preference (DFTP), International Trade Board of Madagascar (ITBM)
Bordering NationsComoros, Mayotte, Mauritius, Reunion, Mozambique
Member ofAfrican Union(AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 77(G77), Indian Ocean Rim Association(IORA), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), Southern Africa Development Community(SADC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for MadagascarH.E. Abhay Kumar
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
4, Lalana Rajaonson Emile, Tsaralalana, BP 1787, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Phone: 2264439
Embassy Details of Madagascar in IndiaH.E. Mrs.Tahina Rasamoelina
Charge d Affaires
Republic of Madagascar
A-81 (Ground floor)Mayfair GardensAugust Kranti MargNew Delhi-110016
Phone: +91-11-4106 7747 (O)