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About Belarus

Belarus is a former Soviet Union country officially known as the Republic of Belarus and historically known as Byelorussia or Belorussia. It is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordering Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. It is part of Russia’s Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) and is considered as one of the richest CIS member states.

The country’s primary economy is into manufacturing and was one of the most industrially developed countries of the Soviet Union.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionCIS Region
Capital CityMinsk
Government TypeUnitary presidential republic
Official LanguagesBelarusian, Russian
CurrencyBelarusian ruble, BYN
Phone Code +375
Important CitiesGomel (Homel), Mogilev (Mahileu), Vitebsk, Grodno (Hrodna), Brest, Babruysk, Baranovichi, Borisov, Pinsk
National DayIndependence Day (3rd Jul)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking49 (Very Easy)
Primary Industriesmetal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, synthetic fibers, fertilizer, textiles, refrigerators, washing machines and other household appliances Agriculture prod: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk
Major Exportspotash and nitrogen fertilizers, oil products, rolled steel, metal cord, trucks, tractors, chemical fibers and yarns, caprolactam, tires, furniture, refrigerators and freezers, wood products, clothing, shoes, dairy and meat products, sugar.
Major Exports to IndiaVegetables, Fuels, Transportation, Raw Materials, Stone and Glass, Metals, Wood, Machinery and Electricals, Hides and Skins, Chemicals
Major Importscrude oil, machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, iron and steel, and food and live animals, Electrical machinery, Plastics and articles, Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances
Major Imports from IndiaChemicals, Raw Materials, Machinery and Electricals, Metals, Vegetables, Plastic or Rubber, Hides and Skins, Textiles and Clothing, Stone and Glass, Transportation
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaBelarus-India Intergovernmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation
Bordering NationsLativa, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Russia
Member ofAntarctic treaty system(ATS), Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO), Eurasian Economic Union(EAEU), Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council(EAPC), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN)
Indian Embassy Details for BelarusH.E. Sangeeta Bahadur
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
63 Sobinova Str., 220040 Minsk
Phone: 00 375 17 2629399
Embassy Details of Belarus in IndiaH.E. Mr. Andrei Rzheussky
Embassy of the Republic of Belarus
F-6/8B, Vasant ViharNew Delhi-110057
Phone: +91-11-40529338 (O)