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About Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa known for its pristine landscape and diverse wildlife. The country has eight main national parks and the magnificent Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River.

Politically Zimbabwe was ruled by authoritarian ruler Robert Mugabe for over 30 years during which the country suffered economically as well as faced widespread human rights. Due to weak economic policies, the country suffered a lot. However after Mugabe was dethroned, the country started to look at new opportunities for economic growth. Currently Zimbabwe is considered as the second-worst economy next to Venezuela.

The country’s economy is based on Agriculture, Mining and Tourism. White Gold, Diamond, Coal, and Bauxite deposits are available in the country, Zimbabwe’s major crops are wheat, maize, and coffee.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityHarare
Government TypeUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
Official LanguagesChewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga
CurrencyRTGS dollar
Phone Code +263
Important CitiesBulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Epworth, Gweru, Kwekwe, Kadoma, Masvingo
National DayIndependence Day (18th Apr)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking140 (Medium)
Primary Industriesmining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and non-metallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages, cattle, cows
Major Exportsplatinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles/clothing.
Major Exports to IndiaMachinery and Electricals, Plastic or Rubber, Minerals, Metals, Chemicals, Vegetables, Food Products, Stone and Glass, Raw Materials
Major Importsmachinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels, food products.
Major Imports from IndiaChemicals, Machinery and Electricals, Plastic or Rubber, Metals, Stone and Glass, Vegetables, Raw Materials, Minerals, Food Products
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaGlobal System of Trade Preferences (GSTP), Partial Scope Agreement (PSA), Bilateral Trade
Bordering NationsMozambique, Botswana, Zambia, South Africa, Namibia
Member ofAfrican Union(AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 15(G15), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), Southern Africa Development Community(SADC), World Trade Organization(WTO), United Nations(UN)
Indian Embassy Details for ZimbabweH.E. Vijay Khanduja
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
No.12, Natal Road Belgravia, Post Box 4620 Harare, Zimbabwe
Email: ambassador@embindia.org.zw, amb.harare@mea.gov.in
Phone: 795950
Website: https://eoi.gov.in/harare/
Embassy Details of Zimbabwe in IndiaH.E. Dr. Godfrey Chipare
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Embassy of the Republic of Zimbabwe
4, Poorvi Marg, Vasant ViharNew Delhi-110057
Email: zimnewdelhi2018@gmail.com
Phone: +91-11-2614 0430, 2614 0431, 2615 4313, 2615 4314 (O)