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About Nepal

Nepal, officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a country in South Asia located in the Himalayan plateau. The country has a very good relationship with India.

The country is one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

Major agricultural products include cereals (barley, maize, millet, paddy and wheat), oilseed, potato, pulses, sugarcane, jute, tobacco, milk and water buffalo meat.

Major industries include tourism, carpets, textiles, cigarettes, cement, brick, as well as small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills.

Nepal has huge potential to generate Hydro-Electric Power and export them.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityKathmandu
Government TypeFederal Parliamentary Republic
Official LanguagesNepali
CurrencyNepalese rupee, NPR
Phone Code +977
Important CitiesPokhara, Lalitpur, Birgunj, Biratnagar, Bharatpur, Janakpur, Hetauda, Nepalgunj, Itahari
National DayNational Day ( Dec 23rd )
GDP (nominal)USD 41.339 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking94
Primary Industriestourism, carpets, textiles, small rice jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick factories, food processing (rice, wheat and oil mills), light industry, jute goods, refined sugar, cigarettes, matches, spun cotton and synthetic fabrics, wool, footwear, tanned leather, and tea
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsIndia, China
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation(BIMSTEC), Group of 77(G77), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsEdible Oils & Seeds, Silk & Textiles, Spices, Fashion and Apparel, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Chemical Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Cereals & Pulses, Wood and Pulp, Books and Papers, Pharmaceutical Products
Major ImportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Electrical Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Plastics and Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Cereals & Pulses, Gems & Jewellery, Pharmaceutical Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Fruits and Nuts, Silk & Textiles, Books and Papers, Fashion and Apparel, Chemical Products
Total Exports ValueUSD 1.300 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 13.716 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 12.416 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaBangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), Free Trade Agreement (FTA), South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA)
Major Exports to IndiaEdible Oils & Seeds, Spices, Silk & Textiles, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Chemical Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Wood and Pulp, Pharmaceutical Products, Plastics and Products, Cereals & Pulses, Books and Papers, Cosmetics and Accessories, Fruits and Nuts
Major Imports from IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Cereals & Pulses, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Electrical Products, Plastics and Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Books and Papers, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Rubber and Products, Fruits and Nuts, Silk & Textiles, Ceramic Products, Cosmetics and Accessories, Chemical Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery
India's Imports ValueUSD 841.52 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 8,079.25 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 833.52 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for NepalEmbassy of India
H.E. Shri Naveen Srivastava
Honourable Ambassador
P.O. Box No. 292, 336, Kapurdhara Marg, Kathmandu, Nepal
00-977-1-4410900, 4414990

Consulate General of India in Birgunj
Shri Devi Sahai Meena
Consul General
Post Box No. 59, Parsa, Birgunj, Nepal.
00-977-51-532244, 532264

Embassy Details of Nepal in IndiaNepal
Embassy of Nepal
H.E. Dr. Shankar Prasad Sharma
Barakhamba RoadNew Delhi-110001
+91-11-2332 9969, 2332 7361, 2332 9218, 2332 8066 (O)

Consulate General of Nepal in Kolkata
Mr. Eshor Raj Poudel
Consul General
1, National Library Avenue,Alipore, Kolkata 700 027
+91-33 - 2456 1224, 1085, 1154 (O)