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About Russia

Russia, also known as the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Russia is the major county of the Soviet Union and has been one of the most powerful countries in the world. It is the largest country in the world. Unless Alaska wasn’t sold to the US, Russia as a country would have existed in 3 continents of the world.

A superpower of the world, previously Russia was a communist country. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it became a Federal democracy. Russia holds a permanent seat and a VETO power in the United Nations.

Economically it is the world’s fifth-largest in Europe and eleventh largest in the world in terms of GDP. They have extensive oil, mineral and energy resources. Timber is also one of the most exported products in Russia.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionCIS Region
Capital CityMoscow
Government TypeFederal Semi-Presidential Republic
Official LanguagesRussian
CurrencyRussian ruble, RUB
Phone Code +7
Important CitiesSt Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekateringburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don
National DayNational Day/Russia Day (12th Jun)
GDP (nominal)USD 1862.47 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking28
Primary IndustriesPetroleum, natural gas, mining, coal, chemicals, metals, rolling mills, machine building, aircraftspace vehicles, defense equipments, shipbuilding, tractors, construction equipment, electrical equipment, medical instrument, scientific instruments, consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts, transportation equipment, communications equipment, agricultural machinery
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsJapan, North Korea, China, USA, Mangolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Norway
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(BSEC), Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO), Eurasian Economic Union(EAEU), Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council(EAPC), East Asia Summit(EAS), Group of 20(G20), Group of 8+5(G8+5), International Investment Bank(IIB), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(OBSEC), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), World Trade Organization(WTO), United Nations(UN)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Other Products, Gems & Jewellery, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Cereals & Pulses, Wood and Pulp, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Chemical Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Plastics and Products, Machinery & Appliances, Rubber and Products
Major ImportsMachinery & Appliances, Electrical Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Pharmaceutical Products, Plastics and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Chemical Products, Fruits and Nuts, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Cosmetics and Accessories, Fashion and Apparel, Rubber and Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Books and Papers, Edible Oils & Seeds
Total Exports ValueUSD 580.118 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 199.425 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 380.693 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral trade, Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
Major Exports to IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Gems & Jewellery, Edible Oils & Seeds, Other Products, Machinery & Appliances, Books and Papers, Chemical Products, Rubber and Products, Plastics and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Marine Vessels, Electrical Products, Spices
Major Imports from IndiaPharmaceutical Products, Chemical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Electrical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Spices, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Vegetables and Related Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Plastics and Products, Cereals & Pulses, Ceramic Products, Rubber and Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Edible Oils & Seeds
India's Imports ValueUSD 46,212.71 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 3,146.95 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 43 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for RussiaEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Pavan Kapoor
Honourable Ambassador
6-8, Ulitsa Vorontsovo Polye, Moscow, Russia

Consulate General of India in Vladivostok
Shashi Bhushan
Consul General
46, 4th Floor, Verkhneportovaya Street, PO Box No. 308, Vladivostok 690090,, Russian Federation.
00-7-4232-413920 / 413933 /413938

Consulate General of India in St. Petersburg
Kumar Gaurav
Consul General
35, Ulitsa Reyleeva, St. Petersburg 191123, Russian Federation.
00-7-812-2721988, 2721731, 5793002

Embassy Details of Russia in IndiaEmbassy of the Russian Federation
H.E. Mr. Denis Alipov
50-F, ShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-26110640, 26110641, 2611 0642 (O)

Consulate General of Russia in Mumbai
Mr. Aleksei Vladimirovich Surovtsev
Consul General
42, L. Jagmohandas Marg Mumbai 400 036
+91-22-23633627/28 (O)

Consulate General of Russia in Kolkata
Ms. Alexey Mikhailovich Idamkin
Consul General
22A, Raja Santosh Road Alipore Kolkata 700 027
+91-33-24797006 (O)

Consulate General of Russia in Chennai
Mr. Oleg Nikolayevich Avdeev
Consul General
14 Santhome High Road Chennai 600004
+91-44-24982320 (O)

Honorary Consulate of the Russian Federation in Hyderabad
H.E. Mr. Toghrille Hassan
Honorary Consul
Sasha Villa , 1-86, Row House, No. 1, Palm County, Dargah Hussain, Shah Wali P.O. Golconda, Hyderabad - 500008
+914023565006 (O)

Honorary Consulate of the Russian Federation in Thiruvananthapuram
H.E. Mr. Ratheesh C. Nair
Honorary Consul
Gorky Hills, S Roerich Road, Vanross Jn. Universiity, Thiruvananthapuram-695034
04712338399 (O)