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About Russia

Russia, also known as the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Russia is the major county of the Soviet Union and has been one of the most powerful countries in the world. It is the largest country in the world. Unless Alaska wasn’t sold to the US, Russia as a country would have existed in 3 continents of the world.

A superpower of the world, previously Russia was a communist country. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it became a Federal democracy. Russia holds a permanent seat and a VETO power in the United Nations.

Economically it is the world’s fifth-largest in Europe and eleventh largest in the world in terms of GDP. They have extensive oil, mineral and energy resources. Timber is also one of the most exported products in Russia.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionCIS Region
Capital CityMoscow
Government TypeFederal dominant-party semi-presidential constitutional republic
Official LanguagesRussian
CurrencyRussian ruble, RUB
Phone Code +7
Important CitiesSt Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekateringburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don
National DayNational Day/Russia Day (12th Jun)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking28 (Very Easy)
Primary IndustriesPetroleum, natural gas, mining, coal, chemicals, metals, rolling mills, machine building, aircraftspace vehicles, defense equipments, shipbuilding, tractors, construction equipment, electrical equipment, medical instrument, scientific instruments, consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts, transportation equipment, communications equipment, agricultural machinery
Major ExportsPetroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, metals, wood and wood products, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures
Major Exports to IndiaFootwear, Animal, Food Products, Hides and skins, Textiles and Clothing, Transportation, Vegetables, Machinery and Electricals, Minerals, Metals
Major ImportsMachinery, vehicles, pharmaceutical products, plastic, semi-finished metal products, meat, fruits and nuts, optical and medical instruments, iron, steel
Major Imports from IndiaChemicals, Vegetables, Raw materials, Textiles and Clothing, Transportation, Animal, Metals, Food Products, Plastic or Rubber, Footwear
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral trade, Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
Bordering NationsJapan, North Korea, China, USA, Mangolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Norway
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(BSEC), Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO), Eurasian Economic Union(EAEU), Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council(EAPC), East Asia Summit(EAS), Group of 20(G20), Group of 8+5(G8+5), International Investment Bank(IIB), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(OBSEC), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), World Trade Organization(WTO), United Nations(UN)
Indian Embassy Details for RussiaH.E. Pavan Kapoor
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
6-8, Ulitsa Vorontsovo Polye, Moscow, Russia
Phone: 7-495-7837535
Embassy Details of Russia in IndiaH.E. Mr. Denis Alipov
Embassy of the Russian Federation
50-F, ShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-26110640, 26110641, 2611 0642 (O)