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About Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country situated in the central Asia region. The country was once considered to be the gateway to India and also played an important role in the Silk Route. However Afghanistan always suffered due to external aggressions from the Soviet Union or during the Taliban occupation.

The country is considered as one of the poorest countries of the world and the economy is primarily dependent on Agriculture. The country is known for Pomegranates, grapes, apricots and other dry fruits. However Afghanistan is also well known for Opium production.

The country heavily depends on foreign donations and support from various countries including India.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityKabul
Government TypeProvisional Islamic Emirate
Official LanguagesPashto, Dari
CurrencyAfghani , AFN
Phone Code +93
Important CitiesKandahar, Mazari Sharif, Heart, Jalalabad, Kunduz, Ghazni, Balkh, Baghlan
National DayAfghan Jihad Victory Day 15th Aug
GDP (nominal)USD 20.13 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking178
Primary Industriestextiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food-products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsTajikistan, India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Member ofCommonwealth of Independent States(CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization(ECO), Group of 77(G77), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsFruits and Nuts, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Silk & Textiles, Vegetables and Related Products, Spices, Edible Oils & Seeds, Gems & Jewellery, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Live Animals and Animal Products, Electrical Products, Animal Meat and Food Preperations
Major ImportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Edible Oils & Seeds, Electrical Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Pharmaceutical Products, Plastics and Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Vegetables and Related Products, Machinery & Appliances, Fruits and Nuts, Rubber and Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Gems & Jewellery, Spices, Chemical Products
Total Exports ValueUSD 1.664 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 7.562 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 5.898 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaSouth Asia Free Trade Agreement(SAFTA), Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Preferential Trade Agreement(PTA)
Major Exports to IndiaFruits and Nuts, Vegetables and Related Products, Spices, Edible Oils & Seeds, Live Animals and Animal Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Gems & Jewellery, Silk & Textiles, Electrical Products, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Books and Papers
Major Imports from IndiaFood & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Pharmaceutical Products, Fashion and Apparel, Spices, Silk & Textiles, Edible Oils & Seeds, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Cereals & Pulses, Rubber and Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Electrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Fruits and Nuts, Cosmetics and Accessories
India's Imports ValueUSD 452.81 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 437.05 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 15.76 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for AfghanistanEmbassy of India
H.E. Rudrendra Tandon
Honourable Ambassador
Wazir Akbar Khan, Kabul, Afghanistan
00-93-20- 2200185

Consulate General of India in Hrat

Consul General
East of Bagh Millat, Roodaki Road, 5th Sub-District, Herat, Afghanistan

Consulate General of India in Kandahar
Mr. Naresh Kumar
Consul General
Kandahar, Helmand, Nimroz, Zabul and Uruzgan., Shahr-e-Nau, District 6, Kandahar-Herat Road, Kandahar

Consulate General of India in Jalalabad

Consul General
Ilaka No.2, Habibabad, Jalalabad, Afghanistan
6003163 (Chancery), 6003164, (Consular), 00-873-763096146 (Satellite Tel)

Consulate General of India in Mazar-e-Sharif
Mr. Vinesh Kumar Kalra
Consul General
Darwaza-e-Balkh,, Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan

Embassy Details of Afghanistan in IndiaAfghanistan
Embassy of Afghanistan
H.E. Mr. Farid Mamundzay
5/50F, ShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2688 3601,2688 3602,2410 0412,24103331,2410 (O)

Consulate General of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Ms. Zakia Wardak
Consul General
115-Walkeshwar Road, Mumbai 400 006
022-2363 3777, 2361 2286 (O)

Consulate General in Hyderabad
Mr. Sayed Mohammad Ibrahimkhil
Consul General
H. No. 910/C, Road No. 46 Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
04023557550 (O)