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About Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country situated in the central Asia region. The country was once considered to be the gateway to India and also played an important role in the Silk Route. However Afghanistan always suffered due to external aggressions from the Soviet Union or during the Taliban occupation.

The country is considered as one of the poorest countries of the world and the economy is primarily dependent on Agriculture. The country is known for Pomegranates, grapes, apricots and other dry fruits. However Afghanistan is also well known for Opium production.

The country heavily depends on foreign donations and support from various countries including India.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityKabul
Government TypeUnitary presidential Islamic republic
Official LanguagesPashto, Dari
CurrencyAfghan afghani, AFN
Phone Code +93
Important CitiesKandahar, Mazari Sharif, Heart, Jalalabad, Kunduz, Ghazni, Balkh, Baghlan
National DayIndependence Day (19th Aug)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking173 (Below Average)
Primary Industriestextiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food-products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Major Exportsfruits, nuts, Afghan rugs, wool, cotton, hides, gemstone, and medical herbs.
Major Exports to IndiaFuels, Plastic or Rubber, Wood, Minerals, Stone and Glass, Textiles and Clothing, Metals, Machinery and Electricals, Food Products, Raw materials, Vegetables
Major Importsmachinery and other capital goods, food, textiles and petroleum products
Major Imports from IndiaTextiles and clothing, Food Products, Metals, Vegetables, Raw Materials, Machinery and Electricals, Plastic or Rubber, Stone and glass, Wood, Fuels, Minerals
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaSouth Asia Free Trade Agreement(SAFTA), Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Preferential Trade Agreement(PTA)
Bordering NationsTajikistan, India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Member ofCommonwealth of Independent States(CIS), Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO), Economic Cooperation Organization(ECO), Group of 77(G77), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for AfghanistanH.E. Rudrendra Tandon
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
Wazir Akbar Khan, Kabul, Afghanistan
Phone: 00-93-20- 2200185
Embassy Details of Afghanistan in IndiaH.E. Mr. Farid Mamundzay
Embassy of Afghanistan
5/50F, ShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-2688 3601,2688 3602,2410 0412,24103331,2410 (O)