About Mauritania

Mauritania, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a Western African Country and most of the land is within the Sahara Plateau. Mauritania was previously a French Colony.

The country is rich in natural resources and hence Mining, Agriculture, and Live Stock forms the major economy of the country. The country also has Oil as the minor economy.

Mauritania is considered as one of the poor countries with rampant slavery and human rights abuse.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityNouakchott
Government TypeUnitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
Official LanguagesArabic
CurrencyMauritanian ouguiya, MRU
Phone Code +222
Important CitiesNouakchott,Nouadhibou,Kiffa,Mbera Refugee Camp,Kaédi,Zouérat,Rosso,Sélibabi,Boû Gâdoûm,Boutilimit,Atar,Bareina,Ghabou,Hamoud,Mâl
National DayIndependence Day (Nov-28)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking152
Primary IndustriesMacro-economic trends,Diversification,Natural gas and the tortue/Ahmeyim project,Dispute with woodside petrolium,Electricity.
Major ExportsOres, slag and ash, Fish and crustaceans, molluscs , Natural or cultured pearls, precious , Residues and waste from the food industries, Animal or vegetable fats and oils , Inorganic chemicals, organic or inorganic compounds, Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs , Fertilisers, Salt, sulphur, earths and stone, plastering materials, lime and cement, Raw hides and skins , Edible fruit and nuts, peel of citrus fruit or melons
Major Exports to IndiaArticles of iron or steel, Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers, Electrical machinery and equipment, Cereals, Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, Pharmaceutical products, Sugars and sugar confectionery, Aluminium and articles thereof, Cotton, Ceramic products, Plastics and articles thereof, Dairy produce, birds' eggs, natural honey
Major ImportsMineral fuels, mineral oils , Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers, Ships, boats and floating structures, Cereals, Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, Articles of iron or steel, Electrical machinery and equipment, Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal
Major Imports from IndiaResidues and waste from the food industries, Plastics and articles thereof, Fertilisers, Tanning or dyeing extracts, tannins , Essential oils and resinoids, perfumery, cosmetic , Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, Albuminoidal substances, modified starches, glues, enzymes, Explosives, pyrotechnic products, matches, pyrophoric alloys, certain combustible preparations, Photographic or cinematographic goods, Miscellaneous chemical products
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral trade between India and Mauritania grew from US$2.24 million in 1996–97 to $102.4 million in 2014–15. Trade declined to $76.91 million in 2015–16. India exported $58.35 million worth of goods to Mauritania, and imported $18.56 million in 2015–16.[8] The main commodities exported by India to Mauritania are cereals, tanning and dyeing extracts, plastic products, cotton, ceramic, iron and steel articles, nuclear reactors, boilers and related mechanical appliances, and non-railway vehicles. The major commodities imported by India from Mauritania are iron and steel, ores, slag, ash, cotton and copper made articles, aluminum, electrical machinery.
Bordering NationsAlgeria, Mali, Senegal, the Western Sahara
Member of(African Union), ( Arab League), ( Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), ( United Nations)
Indian Embassy Details for MauritaniaHonorary Consulate of India (Under Embassy of India in Mali)
H.E. Mr. Mouhidine Ahmed Saleck
Honorary Consul
ASML Group, Alkaima City Centre 7th, floor, 10 Rue Mamadou Konate,PO Box 2823, Nouakchott
00-222-45241111 (O and R)

Embassy of India

Honourable Ambassador
101, Avenue de I’OUA, Badalabougou Est, B.P. No. 8008, Bamako, Mali

Embassy Details of Mauritania in India