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About Somalia

Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia is a county on the Horn of Africa. The country has the largest coast line in the whole of Africa.

Somalians have a very long history alongside Egypt and their history goes all the way back to 2500BC. The country was controlled by both Britain and Italy. Somalia is also ruthlessly known for Piracy.

The country’s economy has been predominantly Agriculture and Live Stock. the country also is well known for Hawala processing.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionEast Africa
Capital CityMogadishu
Government TypeFederal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
Official LanguagesSomali, Arabic
CurrencySomali shilling, SOS
Phone Code +252
Important CitiesAbaareey, Abudwak, Adado, Afgooye, Afmadow, Arabsiyo, Abaarso, Badhan, Baidoa, Balcad, Ballidagaruen, Balli Dhiddin, Bandar Beyla, Bandiiradley, Barawa, Bardera
National DayIndependence Day (June-01)
GDP (nominal)USD 11.515 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking190
Primary IndustriesAgriculture,Manufacturing,Airline industry.
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsKenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti
Member of(African Union), ( Arab League), ( Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), ( United Nations)
Major ExportsGems & Jewellery, Live Animals and Animal Products, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Vegetables and Related Products, Books and Papers, Edible Oils & Seeds, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Fruits and Nuts, Electrical Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Cosmetics and Accessories, Railway and Locomotives, Other Products, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Machinery & Appliances, Cereals & Pulses
Major ImportsAgriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Electrical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Edible Oils & Seeds, Vegetables and Related Products, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Silk & Textiles, Rubber and Products, Household Items & Products, Wood and Pulp, Cosmetics and Accessories
Total Exports ValueUSD 0.539 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 5.508 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 4.969 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaIndia-Somalia trade was approx. US$ 555.5 million and in 2017-18 trade was approx. US$ 459.07 million. Somalia, being an LDC country, qualifies for India’s offer of unilateral Duty-Free Tariff Preferential (DFTP) market access for export of goods and services to India. Recently, Mission participated in Puntland Investment Forum on 15-16 September,2019.
Major Exports to IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Plastics and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Gems & Jewellery, Rubber and Products, Live Animals and Animal Products, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Chemical Products
Major Imports from IndiaFood & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Cereals & Pulses, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Cosmetics and Accessories, Pharmaceutical Products, Electrical Products, Ceramic Products, Plastics and Products, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Rubber and Products, Live Animals and Animal Products, Fashion and Apparel, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Books and Papers
India's Imports ValueUSD 17.9 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 946.37 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 928.47 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for SomaliaHigh Commission of India
H.E. Ms. Namgya C. Khampa
Honourable High Commissioner
3, Harambee Avenue, Jeevan Bharati Building, PO Box No.30074-00100, NAIROBI, KENYA
254 2222 566/7, 2225 104, 2224 500

Embassy Details of Somalia in IndiaSomalia
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Somalia
H.E. Mr. Ahmed Ali Dahir
L1/19 A Hauz Khas Enclave, New Delhi-110016
+91-11-26153498 (O)