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About Egypt

Egypt, also known as Arab Republic of Egypt is a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East. The country is one of the oldest civilizations of the world and is known for pharaohs and the great queen Cleopatra. Egypt is famous for their pyramids, the Great Sphinx, the Suez Canal and the Nile River. After the Egyptian Civilization ended with the romans capturing it, the country was subjected to various foreign influences due to wars which included the World War II. The country has also undergone various armed conflicts with its neighbour Israel.

Egypt is considered to be a regional power in the MENA region and is considered as one of the most diversified economies in the region. The country’s economy depends upon mainly agriculture, media, minerals, natural gas and tourism.

Country has good deposits of coal, oil, natural gas and hydroelectric power.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionNorth Africa
Capital CityCairo
Government TypeSemi-Presidential Republic
Official LanguagesArabic, Egyptian Arabic
CurrencyEgyptian pound, EGP
Phone Code +20
Important CitiesAlexandria, Giza, Shubra El-Kheima, Port Said, Suez, El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Luxor, Mansoura, Tanta
National DayRevolution Day (23rd July )
GDP (nominal)USD 398.397 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking114
Primary Industriestextiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsLibya, Sudan, Israel
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), African Union(AU), Community of Sahel–Saharan States(CEN-SAD), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 15(G15), Group of 24(G24), Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), United Nations(UN), Union for the Mediterranean(UfM), World Trade Organization(WTO), Group of 77(G77)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Plastics and Products, Electrical Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Fruits and Nuts, Fashion and Apparel, Gems & Jewellery, Vegetables and Related Products, Chemical Products, Glass and glassware, Cosmetics and Accessories, Silk & Textiles, Books and Papers, Edible Oils & Seeds
Major ImportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Machinery & Appliances, Plastics and Products, Electrical Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Edible Oils & Seeds, Chemical Products, Wood and Pulp, Books and Papers, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Silk & Textiles, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Rubber and Products
Total Exports ValueUSD 48.149 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 79.712 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 31.563 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaGlobal System of Trade Preferences( GSTP), Partial Scope Agreement (PSA)
Major Exports to IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Chemical Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Silk & Textiles, Fruits and Nuts, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Edible Oils & Seeds, Plastics and Products, Cosmetics and Accessories, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Fashion and Apparel, Building & Construction Products & Services, Spices
Major Imports from IndiaAnimal Meat and Food Preperations, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Chemical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Silk & Textiles, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Electrical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Rubber and Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Books and Papers, Spices, Building & Construction Products & Services, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions
India's Imports ValueUSD 1,951.54 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 4,109.41 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 3 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for EgyptEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Ajit Gupte
Honourable Ambassador
5 Aziz Abaza Street, Zamalek, PO Box No. 718, Cairo, Egypt, Consular Section: 2nd Floor, Abu El Fida Building, No. 3, Abu El Fida Street, Zamalek, Cairo
00-202-27360052, 27363051, 27356053

Embassy Details of Egypt in IndiaEmbassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt
H.E. Mr. Wael Mohamed Awad Hamed
1/50 M, Niti MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2611 4096, 2611 4097 (O)

Consulate General of Egypt in Mumbai
Ms. Yasmin Samy Mahamud Ahmad Swailan
Consul General
101 Benhur Apartments, 32, Narayan Dabholkar Road Mumbai 400 006.

+91-22-3676422 (O)