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About Egypt

Egypt, also known as Arab Republic of Egypt is a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East. The country is one of the oldest civilizations of the world and is known for pharaohs and the great queen Cleopatra. Egypt is famous for their pyramids, the Great Sphinx, the Suez Canal and the Nile River. After the Egyptian Civilization ended with the romans capturing it, the country was subjected to various foreign influences due to wars which included the World War II. The country has also undergone various armed conflicts with its neighbour Israel.

Egypt is considered to be a regional power in the MENA region and is considered as one of the most diversified economies in the region. The country’s economy depends upon mainly agriculture, media, minerals, natural gas and tourism.

Country has good deposits of coal, oil, natural gas and hydroelectric power.

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityCairo
Government TypeUnitary semi-presidential republic
Official LanguagesArabic, Egyptian Arabic
CurrencyEgyptian pound, EGP
Phone Code +20
Important CitiesAlexandria, Giza, Shubra El-Kheima, Port Said, Suez, El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Luxor, Mansoura, Tanta
National DayIndependence Day (27th Jun)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking114 (Medium)
Primary Industriestextiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
Major Exportscrude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, agricultural goods.
Major Exports to IndiaFootwear, Animal, Wood, Food products, Hides and Skins, Metals, Stone and Glass, Plastic or Rubber, Chemicals
Major Importsmachinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels
Major Imports from IndiaChemicals, Fuels, Textiles and Clothing, Machinery and Electricals, Transportation, Plastic or rubber, Metals, Raw Materials, Animal, Vegetables, Wood
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaGlobal System of Trade Preferences( GSTP), Partial Scope Agreement (PSA)
Bordering NationsLibya, Sudan, Israel
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), African Union(AU), Community of Sahel–Saharan States(CEN-SAD), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 15(G15), Group of 24(G24), Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), United Nations(UN), Union for the Mediterranean(UfM), World Trade Organization(WTO), Group of 77(G77)
Indian Embassy Details for EgyptH.E. Mr. Ajit Gupte
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
5 Aziz Abaza Street, Zamalek, PO Box No. 718, Cairo, Egypt, Consular Section: 2nd Floor, Abu El Fida Building, No. 3, Abu El Fida Street, Zamalek, Cairo
Phone: 00-202-27360052, 27363051, 27356053
Embassy Details of Egypt in IndiaH.E. Mr. Wael Mohamed Awad Hamed
Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt
1/50 M, Niti MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-2611 4096, 2611 4097 (O)