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About Bhutan

Bhutan is a Buddhist kingdom on the Himalayas’ eastern edge bordering China and India. The country is known for its monasteries, fortresses, and landscapes. The country defines itself not in terms of GDP but in terms of the Gross Happiness Index (GNH).

Bhutan is the world’s only carbon-negative country due to its greenery and 60% of the nation consists of forests.

Bhutan’s economy is based on agriculture, forestry, tourism, and the sale of hydroelectric power to India. Agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the population

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityThimphu
Government TypeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official LanguagesDzongkha
CurrencyBhutanese ngultrum, BTN Indian rupee, INR
Phone Code +975
Important CitiesPunakha, Tsirang, Phuntsholing, Pemagatshel, Sarpang, Wangdue Phodrang, Samdrup Jongkhar, Samtse, Jakar, Pajo, Trashi Yangtse
National DayNational Day (17th Dec)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking89 (Easy)
Primary IndustriesAgriculture, Tourism, Mining, Hydropower, subsistence farming and animal husbandry
Major Exportselectricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, cardamom, calcium carbide, steel rods/bars, dolomite, gypsum, Beverages, spirits, vinegar, Organic chemicals, Vegetable/fruit/nut preparations, Perfumes, cosmetics, Aircraft, spacecraft, Inorganic chemicals, lt, sulphur, stone, cement. Mineral fuels including oil.
Major Exports to IndiaTextiles and Clothing, Transportation, Animal, Stone and Glass, Machinery and Electricals, Wood, Vegetables, Plastic or Rubber, Food Products
Major Importsoil and fuels, base metals, machinery and electrical appliances, vehicles, wood and food, equipment and fuel to build hydropower plants,
Major Imports from IndiaMachinery and Electricals, Transportation, Metals, Raw Materials, Plastic or Rubber, Chemicals, Animal
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaSouth Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA), Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit
Bordering NationsIndia, China
Member ofBay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation(BIMSTEC), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC), United Nations(UN)
Indian Embassy Details for BhutanH.E. Ruchira Kamboj
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
India House Estate,Jungshina, Thimphu, Bhutan
Phone: 00975-2-322162
Embassy Details of Bhutan in IndiaH.E. Maj. Gen. Vetsop Namgyel
Royal Bhutanese Embassy
Chandra Gupta MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-2688 9807, 2688 9809, 2688 9230 (O)