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About Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the primary countries in the Horn of Africa and is a landlocked country. Ethiopia is famous for its ancient culture.

In Ethiopia, Agriculture is the primary activity and constitutes the majority of the labour force. But, the service sector brings in more revenue to the country. Mining is one another industry where Ethiopia is famous for. It has a good amount of Gold deposits

Country Facts


Basic Details
Capital CityAddis Ababa
Government TypeEthnofederalist parliamentary constitutional republic
Official LanguagesAfar,Amharic,Gurage,Harari,Oromo,Tigrinya,Sidama,Somali,Wolaytta
CurrencyEthiopian birr, ETB
Phone Code +251
Important CitiesDire Dawa, Mek'ele, Gondar, Bahir Dar, Awasa, Dessie, Jimma, Jijiga, Shashamane
National DayIndependence Day (24th Feb)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking159 (Below Average)
Primary Industriesagriculture, construction, manufacturing, resources and energy, tourism, and food processing
Major Exportscoffee, livestock products (leather, live animals and meat), oil seeds and pulses, fruits, vegetables and flowers, textiles, natural gum, spices and mineral products, Gas Turbines, Microscopes, Dried Legumes.
Major Exports to IndiaAnimal, Wood, Footwear, Textiles and Clothing, Machinery and Electricals, Metals, Chemicals, Minerals, Plastic or Rubber
Major Importsfood, animals, machinery, transport equipments, fuel, cereals, vehicles and textiles, Aircraft, spacecraft, Machinery including computers, Electrical machinery, equipment, Clothing, accessories (not knit or crochet), Pharmaceuticals, Plastics, plastic articles, Cereals.
Major Imports from IndiaAnimal, Footwear, Hides and Skins, Minerals, Raw Materials, Stone and glass, Vegetables, Textiles and Clothing, Wood, Plastic or rubber
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral Trade Agreement, Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA), Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA), Duty Free Tariff Preference Scheme (DFTP)
Bordering NationsEritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan
Member ofAfrican Union(AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), Group of 24(G24), Group of 77(G77), Intergovernmental Authority on Development(IGAD), Organisation of African Unity(OAU), United Nations(UN)
Indian Embassy Details for EthiopiaH.E. Robert Shetkintong
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
224, Kebele 13/14, Woreda 07, Arada Sub-City, Near Bel Air Hotel, Aware, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Phone: 0116362600/11 0118334206(Dir) 116362077
Embassy Details of Ethiopia in IndiaH.E. H.E.Dr. Tizita Mulugeta Yiman
Ambassador Designate
Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
7/50-G, Satya MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-2611 9513, 2611 9514, 2467 5366, 2467 5377 (O)