Saudi Arabia

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About Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia covering most of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest country in the region, Fifth in Asia and 12th in the world.

The country boasts of being the largest economy in the Middle East and in the top 20 in the world. It has the largest oil reserves in the world and fifth-largest in natural gas. Though Oil is an important industry, Saudi Arabia also generates 40% of GDP from the private sector which includes Gold Mining, Agriculture of Dates, Fruits, and Live Stock.

Since the country hosts the Mecca and Medina which are revered as the holiest place for Muslims, it generates a huge revenue from Hajj Pilgrims.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityRiyadh
Government TypeUnitary Islamic absolute monarchy
Official LanguagesArabic
Currency Saudi riyal, SAR
Phone Code +966
Important CitiesJeddah, Mecca, Medina, Al-Ahsa, Ta'if, Dammam, Buraidah, Khobar, Tabuk
National DayNational Day (23rd Sept)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking62 (Easy)
Primary IndustriesCrude oil production petroleum refining petrochemicals ammonia industrial gases sodium hydroxide cement fertilizer plastics metals ship repair aircraft repair construction
Major ExportsCrude Petroleum, Refined Petroleum, Ethylene Polymers, Acyclic Alcohols, Propylene Polymers, Machinery including computers, Inorganic chemicals, Ships, boats, Organic chemicals.
Major Exports to IndiaFootwear, Animal, Food Products, Textiles and Clothing, Stone and Glass, Vegetables, Machinery and Electricals, Hides and skins, Wood, Minerals
Major Importsmachinery, mechanical appliances and electrical equipment, transport equipment and parts, base metals, chemicals and related products, and vegetables, Pharmaceuticals
Major Imports from IndiaVegetables, Chemicals, Machinery and Electricals, Fuels, Textiles and Clothing, Raw materials, Transportation, Metals, Stone and Glass, Animal
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral relationship, bilateral trade, forging a strategic energy partnership
Bordering NationsJordan, Iraq, Qatar, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Group of 20(G20), Group of 77(G77), Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA), Gulf Cooperation Council(GCC), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for Saudi ArabiaH.E. Dr. Ausaf Sayeed
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
B-1, Diplomatic Quarter, P.B.No.94387, Riyadh-11693, Saudi Arabia
Phone: 00-966-11-4884144
Embassy Details of Saudi Arabia in IndiaMr. Majed Abdulrahman M. Al Otaibi
Deputy Head of Mission
Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
EP-30,Chandragupta MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: 011-24102000 (O)