Saudi Arabia

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About Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia covering most of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest country in the region, Fifth in Asia and 12th in the world.

The country boasts of being the largest economy in the Middle East and in the top 20 in the world. It has the largest oil reserves in the world and fifth-largest in natural gas. Though Oil is an important industry, Saudi Arabia also generates 40% of GDP from the private sector which includes Gold Mining, Agriculture of Dates, Fruits, and Live Stock.

Since the country hosts the Mecca and Medina which are revered as the holiest place for Muslims, it generates a huge revenue from Hajj Pilgrims.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityRiyadh
Government TypeIslamic Absolute Monarchy
Official LanguagesArabic
CurrencySaudi riyal, SAR
Phone Code +966
Important CitiesJeddah, Mecca, Medina, Al-Ahsa, Ta'if, Dammam, Buraidah, Khobar, Tabuk
National DayNational Day (23rd Sept)
GDP (nominal)USD 1069.437 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking62
Primary IndustriesCrude oil production petroleum refining petrochemicals ammonia industrial gases sodium hydroxide cement fertilizer plastics metals ship repair aircraft repair construction
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsJordan, Iraq, Qatar, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Group of 20(G20), Group of 77(G77), Greater Arab Free Trade Area(GAFTA), Gulf Cooperation Council(GCC), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsOther Products, Plastics and Products, Chemical Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Marine Vessels, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Gems & Jewellery, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Rubber and Products, Books and Papers
Major ImportsMachinery & Appliances, Electrical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Gems & Jewellery, Other Products, Cereals & Pulses, Plastics and Products, Marine Vessels, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Chemical Products, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Fashion and Apparel, Rubber and Products, Cosmetics and Accessories, Books and Papers, Aviation Vehicles
Total Exports ValueUSD 411.185 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 189.877 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 221.308 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral relationship, bilateral trade, forging a strategic energy partnership
Major Exports to IndiaOther Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Chemical Products, Plastics and Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Gems & Jewellery, Rubber and Products, Wood and Pulp, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Machinery & Appliances, Electrical Products
Major Imports from IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Cereals & Pulses, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Chemical Products, Electrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Fashion and Apparel, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Plastics and Products, Gems & Jewellery, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Ceramic Products
India's Imports ValueUSD 42,035.27 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 10,727.65 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 32 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for Saudi ArabiaEmbassy of India
H.E. Dr. Suhel Ajaz Khan
Honourable Ambassador
B-1, Diplomatic Quarter, P.B.No.94387, Riyadh-11693, Saudi Arabia

Consulate General of India in Jeddah
Mohd Shahid Alam
Consul General
Building of Mr. Abdul Mansoor Abdul Rahman Al Huwaish, Villa No. 34, Behind National Commercial Bank,, Near Al Huda Mosque, Tahliya Street, P.O. Box No. 952,, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Embassy Details of Saudi Arabia in IndiaSaudi Arabia
Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
H.E. Mr. Jadi Naif A. Alraqaas
EP-30,Chandragupta MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
011-24102000 (O)

Saudi Arabia
Consulate General of Saudi Arabia in Mumbai
Mr. Suleiman bin Eid Al-Otaibi
Consul General
Maker Tower F, 4th Floor, Cuffe Parade Mumbai-400 005
+91-22-22187725, 22187768 (O)