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About Greece

Greece, officially known as the Hellenic Republic and historically knows as Hellas is a country in south eastern Europe with thousands of islands throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. The Greeks are very well known for their strong civilization roots and is considered as the cradle of western civilization. Most of the concepts used in the world have their roots from Greek civilization. Greeks were the ones to offer democracy, western philosophy, political structure, science, etc., to the world.

Though once known as a great civilization, today’s date the economy of the country is in a bad shape especially after the 2008 financial disaster.

The economy of Greece is considered as an advanced and developed country with a high standard of living and high ranking in the human development index.

Agriculture is considered as one of the major industries in the country. It is the largest producer of Cotton and Pistachios in the European region. Olives, Almonds, tomatoes, watermelons, tobacco are few of the major crops of Greece.

The Maritime industry also plays an important role in the country’s development. The majority of the Merchant fleets are owned by Greeks. Shipping has always been an important industry right from their ancient days.

Due to Historical importance, tourism in Greece is well known. A lot of tourists across the world visit Greece not only to visit but also for archaeological and research purposes adding good revenue to the country.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionWestern Europe
Capital CityAthens
Government TypeUnitary parliamentary republic
Official LanguagesEnglish,German, French and Italian.
Currency Euro, EUR
Phone Code +30
Important CitiesAttica, Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Patrai, West Greece, Piraeus
National DayIndependence Day (6th Mar)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking79 (Easy)
Primary Industriestourism, shipping, industrial products, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products, mining and petroleum
Major ExportsPetroleum Products, Aluminum, medicaments, fruits and nuts, fresh or dried, vegetables,fish
Major Exports to IndiaFootwear, Animal, Hides and skins, Plastic or Rubber, Stone and Glass, Transportation, Wood, Food Products, Minerals
Major ImportsCrude oil, Ships, Boats and Floating Structures, petroleum Products, Medicament, motor vehicles and natural gas.
Major Imports from IndiaMinerals, Fuels, Food Products, Footwear, Hides and skins, Wood, Stone and Glass, Transportation, Plastic or Rubber, Animal
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral trade, Bilateral Relations, Agreement on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (BIPA), Agreement of Co-operation between Hellenic Foreign Trade Board and India *Trade Promotion Organisation
Bordering NationsAlbania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey
Member ofAntarctic treaty system(ATS), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(BSEC), Council of Europe(COE), European Communities(EC), European Economic Area(EEA), European Union(EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(OBSEC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development(OECD), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Regional Cooperation Council(RCC), United Nations(UN), Union for the Mediterranean(UfM), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for GreeceH.E. Amrit Lugun
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
3, Kleanthous Str., Athens 10674
Phone: 30-210-7216227; 7216481
Embassy Details of Greece in IndiaH.E. Mr. Dionyssios Kyvetos
Embassy of Greece
EP 32, Dr. S Radhakrishnan MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
Phone: +91-11-2688 0700 (O)