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About Greece

Greece, officially known as the Hellenic Republic and historically knows as Hellas is a country in south eastern Europe with thousands of islands throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. The Greeks are very well known for their strong civilization roots and is considered as the cradle of western civilization. Most of the concepts used in the world have their roots from Greek civilization. Greeks were the ones to offer democracy, western philosophy, political structure, science, etc., to the world.

Though once known as a great civilization, today’s date the economy of the country is in a bad shape especially after the 2008 financial disaster.

The economy of Greece is considered as an advanced and developed country with a high standard of living and high ranking in the human development index.

Agriculture is considered as one of the major industries in the country. It is the largest producer of Cotton and Pistachios in the European region. Olives, Almonds, tomatoes, watermelons, tobacco are few of the major crops of Greece.

The Maritime industry also plays an important role in the country’s development. The majority of the Merchant fleets are owned by Greeks. Shipping has always been an important industry right from their ancient days.

Due to Historical importance, tourism in Greece is well known. A lot of tourists across the world visit Greece not only to visit but also for archaeological and research purposes adding good revenue to the country.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionWestern Europe
Capital CityAthens
Government TypeParliamentary Republic
Official LanguagesEnglish,German, French and Italian.
CurrencyEuro, EUR
Phone Code +30
Important CitiesAttica, Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Patrai, West Greece, Piraeus
National DayIndependence Day (25th Mar)
GDP (nominal)USD 242.385 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking79
Primary Industriestourism, shipping, industrial products, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products, mining and petroleum
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsAlbania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey
Member ofAntarctic treaty system(ATS), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(BSEC), Council of Europe(COE), European Communities(EC), European Economic Area(EEA), European Union(EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(OBSEC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development(OECD), Organisation internationale de la Francophonie(OIF), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Regional Cooperation Council(RCC), United Nations(UN), Union for the Mediterranean(UfM), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Pharmaceutical Products, Electrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Plastics and Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Other Products, Fruits and Nuts, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Silk & Textiles, Fashion and Apparel, Books and Papers, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Cereals & Pulses
Major ImportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Pharmaceutical Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Other Products, Plastics and Products, Chemical Products, Books and Papers, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Fashion and Apparel, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products, Household Items & Products, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Cereals & Pulses
Total Exports ValueUSD 57.568 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 97.970 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 40.402 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with Indiabilateral trade, Bilateral Relations, Agreement on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments (BIPA), Agreement of Co-operation between Hellenic Foreign Trade Board and India *Trade Promotion Organisation
Major Exports to IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Wood and Pulp, Fruits and Nuts, Silk & Textiles, Pharmaceutical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Chemical Products, Electrical Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Plastics and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Fashion and Apparel, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Dairy, Eggs, Honey, & Edible Products
Major Imports from IndiaFisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Books and Papers, Plastics and Products, Silk & Textiles, Machinery & Appliances, Fashion and Apparel, Ceramic Products, Rubber and Products, Spices, Edible Oils & Seeds, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Glass and glassware, Cosmetics and Accessories, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components
India's Imports ValueUSD 1,157.90 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 785.72 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 784.72 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for GreeceEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Rudrendra Tandon
Honourable Ambassador
3, Kleanthous Str., Athens 10674
30-210-7216227; 7216481

Embassy Details of Greece in IndiaEmbassy of Greece
H.E. Dimitrios Ioannou
EP 32, Dr. S Radhakrishnan MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2688 0700 (O)

Honorary Consulate General of Greece in Chennai
H.E. Mr. N. Kumar
Honorary Consul General
9, Cathedral Road Nungambakkam, Chennai-600 086
+91-44-2812 8800/8500 (O)

Honorary Consulate General of Greece in Kolkata
H.E. Mr. Sudhir Jalan
Honorary Consul
10th Floor, 21 Camac Street Kolkata - 700016
03322831541/42 (O)

Honorary Consulate General of Greece in Mumbai
H.E. Mr. Sushil Kumar Jiwarajka
Honorary Consul General