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About Turkey

Turkey is officially known as the Republic of Turkey is a nation that joins Europe and Asia and has been playing an important role in trade relations between Asia and Europe right from the days of pre-colonization. The capital city Istanbul also previously known as Constantinople has both the European side and the Asian Side to it. This city has played an important and strategic role during the 14th century as a trade route between India and Europe. The shutdown and capture of this city by the Ottoman Turks triggered many explorers such as Vasco da Gama, Bartolomeo Diaz and Christopher Columbus to explore sea routes to India and the finding of America.

Turkey commands the top 20 positions as Largest GDP in the world. The major sectors in turkey are Automotive industry, Shipping, Oil, Banking, oil refining, mining, and machine industry.

Tourism also plays an important role in the economy due to its historical importance, geographical placement as well as nice beaches

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityAnkara
Government TypePresidential Constitutional Republic
Official LanguagesTurkish
CurrencyTurkish lira, TRY
Phone Code +90
Important CitiesEdirne, Eskisehir, Bursa, Mardin, Istanbul, Antalya, Izmir, Canakkale, Trabzon
National DayRepublic of Turkey (9th Oct)
GDP (nominal)USD 1154.6 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking33
Primary IndustriesTextiles, food processing, autos, electronics, tourism, mining, coal, chromite, copper, boron, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsGeorgia, Azerbaijan, Syria, Bulgaria, Greece
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(BSEC), Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States(CCTS), Economic Cooperation Organization(ECO), Group of 20(G20), Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition(IMCTC), North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO), Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation(OBSEC), Organisation for Economic Co-operation Development(OECD), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe(OSCE), Regional Cooperation Council(RCC), International Organization of Turkic Culture(TURKSOY), Uniting for Consensus(UFC), United Nations(UN), Union for the Mediterranean(UfM), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsAutomobiles, Vehicles & Components, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Plastics and Products, Fashion and Apparel, Gems & Jewellery, Household Items & Products, Fruits and Nuts, Other Products, Rubber and Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Books and Papers, Silk & Textiles
Major ImportsOther Products, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Gems & Jewellery, Electrical Products, Plastics and Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Chemical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Silk & Textiles, Pharmaceutical Products, Rubber and Products, Books and Papers, Aviation Vehicles
Total Exports ValueUSD 254.172 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 363.711 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 109.539 Billion (Deficit)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral Economic and Trade Relations, Joint Economic and Technical Cooperation Committee (JEC)
Major Exports to IndiaEdible Oils & Seeds, Machinery & Appliances, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Fruits and Nuts, Chemical Products, Electrical Products, Other Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Wood and Pulp, Building & Construction Products & Services, Silk & Textiles, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Marine Vessels, Household Items & Products
Major Imports from IndiaMining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Chemical Products, Silk & Textiles, Electrical Products, Gems & Jewellery, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Plastics and Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Books and Papers, Pharmaceutical Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Cosmetics and Accessories
India's Imports ValueUSD 4,208.84 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 9,609.67 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 5 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for TurkeyEmbassy of India
H.E. Dr. Virander Paul
Honourable Ambassador
77, Cinnah Caddesi, Cankaya 06680,
00-90-312-4382195-98 (4lines)

Consulate General of India in Istanbul
Shri Mijito Vinito
Consul General
Cumhuriyet Cad. No.-42, Dörtler Apt., Flat No.-11, Elmada?, 34367, ?stanbul, Turkey

(90) 212 2962131, (90) 212 2962132

Embassy Details of Turkey in IndiaTurkey
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey
H.E. Mr. Firat Sunel
N 50Nyaya MargChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2410 1921, 2688 9053, 2688 9054 (O)

Consulate General of Turkey in Hyderabad
Mr. Orhan Yalman Okan
Consul General
Plot no. 656-A Road no. 34 Jubilee Hills
040-23636365 (O)

Consulate General of Turkey in Mumbai
Mr. Cuneyt Yavuzcan
Consul General
101, 10th Floor Makers Chambers IV Nariman Point
044-22040365/66 (O)

Honorary Consulate General of Turkey in Kolkata
H.E. Mr. Abhijit Bose
Honorary Consul General
2, Nazar Ali Lane, Ballygunge, Kolkata 700 019
+91-33-2247 5605 (O)

Honorary Consulate General of Turkey in Chennai
H.E. Dr. Velagapudi Lakshmana Dutt
Honorary Consul General
The KCP Ltd. Ramakrishna Building, 2, Dr. P.V. Cherian Crescent, Egmore, Chennai 600 008
+91-44-28278084; 66772604 (O)