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About Iran

Iran, previously also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in Western Asia. It is one of the largest countries in the Middle-East region.

The country is the home to one of the oldest civilizations of the world and has played an important role in the world across the ages.

The country’s economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, agriculture, and small-scale trading

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionMiddle East
Capital CityTehran
Government TypePresidential Islamic Republic
Official LanguagesPersian
CurrencyIranian rial, IRR
Phone Code +98
Important CitiesMashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shiraz, Qom, Ahvaz, Pasragad Branch, Kahr?z, Kermanshah, Rasht, Kerman
National DayRepublic Day (1st April )
GDP (nominal)USD 366.438 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking127
Primary Industriespetrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, car manufacture, pharmaceuticals, telecom, energy, construction materials, textiles, cement, metal fabrication and food processing
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsTurkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, AzerbejanTurkey, Iraq
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Economic Cooperation Organization(ECO), Group of 15(G15), Group of 24(G24), Group of 77(G77), Indian Ocean Rim Association(IORA), Organisation of Islamic Co-operation(OIC), Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN)
Major ExportsMining, Metals & Minerals, Plastics and Products, Chemical Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Fruits and Nuts, Vegetables and Related Products, Machinery & Appliances, Ceramic Products, Wood and Pulp, Silk & Textiles, Household Items & Products, Gems & Jewellery
Major ImportsCereals & Pulses, Other Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Edible Oils & Seeds, Chemical Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Books and Papers, Rubber and Products, Silk & Textiles, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Cosmetics and Accessories, Ceramic Products
Total Exports ValueUSD 80.900 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 58.726 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 22.174 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaGlobal System of Trade and Preferences (GSTP), India ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement, Partial Scope Agreement (PSA), Economic Integration Agreement (EIA), Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, bilateral trade
Major Exports to IndiaChemical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Fruits and Nuts, Plastics and Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Rubber and Products, Spices, Silk & Textiles, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Vegetables and Related Products, Glass and glassware, Machinery & Appliances, Cereals & Pulses
Major Imports from IndiaCereals & Pulses, Spices, Chemical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Machinery & Appliances, Fruits and Nuts, Cosmetics and Accessories, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Edible Oils & Seeds, Books and Papers, Vegetables and Related Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Plastics and Products, Silk & Textiles
India's Imports ValueUSD 672.12 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 1,659.12 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 671.12 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for IranEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Rudra Gaurav Shresth
Honourable Ambassador
22, Mir Emad Street (Corner of 9th Alley), Dr. Beheshti Avenue, Tehran, Iran

Consulate General of India in Zahedan
Mr. P.C Joshi
Ayatollah Kafemi Avenue, Near Gurdwara (Sikh Temple),, Zahedan , Sistan Baluchistan Province
00-98-541-3322 2337

Consulate General of India in Bandar Abbas
Mr. A.K Sudhakaran
43, Khiyaban-e-Hikmat, Gulshehr (South), PO Box No. 79145-1866,, Bandar Abbas, Iran
0098-76-3366 1745

Embassy Details of Iran in IndiaEmbassy of the Islamic Repulic of Iran
H.E. Dr Iraj Ilahi
5, Barakhamba RoadNew Delhi-110001
+91-11-42477787 (O) 

Consulate General of Iran in Hyderabad
Mr. Mahdi Shahrukhi
Consul General
8-2-502/1, Road No.7, Banjara Hill Hyderabad 500034
23352722 (O)

Consulate General of Iran in Mumbai
Mr. Abolfazl Mohammad Alikhani
Consul General
Swapnalok, 1st floor, 47- Napeansea Road Mumbai 400 026
+91-22-23630073 (O)