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About Eritrea

Eritrea, Officially known as the State of Eritrea is an Eastern African country that is one of the youngest countries in the world. The country had a long-standing civil war with Ethiopia and gained independence in 1993.

The country’s economy is primarily Gold and Copper Mining. However, agriculture also plays an important role as coffee production is one of the major crops.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionEast Africa
Capital CityAsmara
Government TypePresidential Republic
Official LanguagesTigrinya, English, Arabic
CurrencyEritrean nakfa, ERN
Phone Code +291
Important CitiesAsmara, Keren, Teseney, Mendefera, Agordat, Assab, Massawa, Adi Quala, Senafe, Dekemhare, Segheneyti, Nakfa, Adi Keyh, Barentu, Beilul, Edd, Ghinda
National DayIndependence Day (May-24)
GDP (nominal)USD 1.98 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking189
Primary IndustriesAgriculture,Forestry and Fishing,Mining and minerals,Animals husbandary,Industry and Manufacturing
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsSudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia
Member of(African Union), ( United Nations)
Major ExportsChemical Products, Gems & Jewellery, Fashion and Apparel, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Machinery & Appliances, Pharmaceutical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Electrical Products, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Other Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Rubber and Products, Fruits and Nuts, Books and Papers
Major ImportsMachinery & Appliances, Marine Vessels, Electrical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Edible Oils & Seeds, Food & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Household Items & Products, Rubber and Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Chemical Products, Plastics and Products, Ceramic Products, Vegetables and Related Products, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions
Total Exports ValueUSD 0.838 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 0.452 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 0.386 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaBilateral trade between Eritrea and India totaled US$244.73 million in 2014–15, rising sharply from $21.30 million the previous fiscal. India exported $14.06 million worth of goods to Eritrea, and imported $230.68 million. Alongside Italy and the UAE, India is one of the largest exporters to Eritrea. The main commodities exported by India to Eritrea are electrical and miscellaneous engineering equipment, drugs and pharmaceuticals, millets, cotton yarn and fabrics. The major commodities imported by India from Eritrea are leather, hides (excluding raw hides) and skins.
Major Exports to IndiaBooks and Papers, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Cosmetics and Accessories, Music and Instruments, Arms and Ammunitions, Household Items & Products, Toys and Games, Other Products, Art and Antiques, Silk & Textiles, Live Animals and Animal Products
Major Imports from IndiaFood & Beverages, Spirits & Vinegar, Pharmaceutical Products, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Cereals & Pulses, Books and Papers, Chemical Products, Plastics and Products, Machinery & Appliances, Rubber and Products, Other Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Household Items & Products, Glass and glassware, Electrical Products, Silk & Textiles
India's Imports ValueUSD 0 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 17.95 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 17.95 Million (Deficit)
Indian Embassy Details for EritreaEmbassy of India
H.E. Mr. Prakash Chand
Honourable Ambassador
House No. 6, City Centre Street: 173-5, ZIP 1A76, Asmara (Eritrea)
291 1 111103

Embassy Details of Eritrea in IndiaEritrea
Embassy of the State of Eritrea
H.E. Mr. Alem Tsehaye Woldemariam
C-6/3 1st floorVasant ViharNew Delhi-110057
+91-11- 2614 6336; 47528861 (O)

Honorary Consulate of Eritrea in Mumbai
H.E. Mr. Sanjay Goenka
Honorary Consul
116, Bajaj bhawan Nariman Point, mumbai-400021
02222029184 (O)