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About Colombia

Colombia, officially known as the Republic of Colombia, is a South American country bordering Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador and Panama. It has the second-highest biodiversity in the world having the Amazon Rain forest, highlands, grasslands, deserts, islands, and coastlines.

Colombia is rich in natural resources and primary exports are mineral fuels, oils, distillation products, fruit, and other agricultural products, food products, forest products, precious stones, sugars, and sugar confectionery, metals, chemical goods, pharmaceuticals, vehicles, electronic products, electrical equipment’s, perfumery and cosmetics, machinery, plastics, manufactured articles, textile and fabrics, clothing and footwear, glass and glassware, furniture, prefabricated buildings, military products, home and office material, construction equipment, software, Travel & Tourism, etc.,

The primary trading partners of Colombia are the United States, China, the European Union, and some Latin American countries.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionLatin America
Capital CityBogota
Government TypeUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Official LanguagesSpanish, English
CurrencyColombian peso, COP
Phone Code +57
Important CitiesMedellin, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Bucaramanga, Cucuta, Ibague, Pereira, Soledad
National DayIndependence Day (20th Jul)
Ease of Doing Business Ranking67 (Easy)
Primary Industriescoal, gold, emeralds,oil, textiles and clothing, agribusiness (cut flowers, bananas, sugarcane, and coffee), beverages, chemicals and petrochemicals, cement, construction, iron and steel products, and metalworking
Major Exportsoil, coal, nickel, gold, flowers, coffee, bananas, tropical fruits, textiles and clothing, Sugar, sugar confectionery, Animal/vegetable fats, oils, waxes, Live trees, plants, cut flowers, Coffee, tea, spices
Major Exports to IndiaMinerals, Transportation, Hides and Skins, Vegetables, Textiles and Clothing, Food Products, Chemicals, Machinery and Electricals, Wood, Metals
Major Importsmachinery and transport equipment, manufactured products, chemicals and related products, mineral lubricants and related products, ood and livestock, Vehicles, Pharmaceuticals, Electrical machinery, equipment, Organic chemicals.
Major Imports from IndiaTransportation, Chemicals, Textiles and Clothing, Metals, Machinery and Electricals, Plastic or Rubber, Stone and Glass, Vegetables, Raw Materials, Wood
Foreign Relations
Trade Agreements with IndiaBILATERAL TRADE AND COMMERCE, bilateral agreements
Bordering NationsVenezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Panama
Member ofAmazon Cooperation Treaty Organization(ACTO), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), Community of Latin American,Caribbean States(CELAC), Community of Latin American and Caribbean States(CLACS), Group of 24(G24), Group of 77(G77), Lima Group(GL), Organization of American States(OAS), Organization of Ibero-American States(OIAS), Pacific Economic Cooperation Council(PECC), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Indian Embassy Details for ColombiaH.E. Sanjiv Ranjan
Honourable Ambassador
Embassy of India
Embajada de la India Calle 116 ,7-15 Bogotá, Distrito Especial, Colombia
Phone: (+57 1) 6373259, 6373279, 6373280, 6373289
Embassy Details of Colombia in IndiaH.E. Mrs. Mariana Pacheco Montes
Embassy of Colombia
F-2/2 Ground FloorVasant ViharNew Delhi-110057
Phone: 011-43202100 (O)