The Ministry of Food Processing Industries is mandated to create post-harvest infrastructure and processing facilities, inter alia, to boost the overall development of the food processing sector, including reduction of post-harvest losses, enhancement of value addition, etc. The Ministry estimates post-harvest losses in various agriculture commodities through various studies based on primary surveys. Two studies were commissioned by the Ministry through (i) Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology (ICAR-CIPHET) titled “Assessment of Quantitative Harvest and Post Harvest Losses of Major Crops and Commodities in India” (2015); and (ii) NABARD Consultancy Service Pvt. Ltd. (NABCONS) titled “Study to Determine Post-Harvest Losses of Agri Produce in India” (2022).
Post-harvest losses of major crops and commodities
|Crops/ Commodities||Loss (%)|
|As per ICAR-CIPHET Study (2015)*||As per NABCONS study (2022)**|
|Cereals||4.65 – 5.99||3.89-5.92|
|Pulses||6.39 – 8.41||5.65-6.74|
|Oil Seeds||3.08 – 9.96||2.87-7.51|
|Plantation Crops & Spices||1.18-7.89||1.29-7.33|