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About China

China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China, is a country in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country and third-largest in the world. The Chinese have a very long history similar to that of Greeks, Spanish, and Indians and is revered as one of the oldest civilizations that exist. China in today’s date comprises of the Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau.

Though the country is communist, it is a capitalistic communism, whereby the country provides enough support for the growth of people and businesses whereas keeping a hold on them. No Individual in China owns the land.

China is considered as the world’s second-largest economy next to the US and its growth has always been high. It emerged as the world’s fastest-growing countries and became the manufacturing hub of the world. Most of the Raw Ingredients for any type of manufacturing are produced by china. Most of the products are manufactured in china.

China is also one of the world’s most technologically advanced nations. The world’s largest e-Marketplace Alibaba is by Chinese.

Tourism also plays a major role in the economy

China is considered as a potential superpower and holds a permanent seat with veto power in the United Nations.

Country Facts


Basic Details
RegionEast Asia
Capital CityBeijing
Government TypeSocialist Republic
Official LanguagesChinese, Mangolian, Uyghur, Tibetan.
CurrencyChinese yuan, CNY
Phone Code +8,68,52,853
Important CitiesShanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Dongguan, Dongguan, Chongqing
National DayNational Day (1st Oct)
GDP (nominal)USD 17700.899 Billion
Ease of Doing Business Ranking31
Primary Industriesmining and ore processing; iron and steel; aluminum; coal; machinery; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemical; fertilizers; food processing; automobiles; rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; consumer products including footwear, toys, and electronics; telecommunications and information technology
Foreign Relations
Bordering NationsMongolia, Nepal, kyrgyzstan
Member ofAsian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC), Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement(APTA), Antarctic treaty system(ATS), East Asia Summit(EAS), Group of 20(G20), Group of 24(G24), Group of 8+5(G8+5), Global Cultural Districts Network(GCDN), International Monetary Fund(IMF), Pacific Economic Cooperation Council(PECC), Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO), United Nations(UN), World Trade Organization(WTO), World Trade Organization(WTO), World Trade Organization(WTO)
Major ExportsElectrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Household Items & Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Toys and Games, Chemical Products, Fashion and Apparel, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Cosmetics and Accessories, Other Products, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Silk & Textiles, Ceramic Products, Books and Papers
Major ImportsElectrical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Machinery & Appliances, Gems & Jewellery, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Automobiles, Vehicles & Components, Plastics and Products, Edible Oils & Seeds, Chemical Products, Pharmaceutical Products, Animal Meat and Food Preperations, Wood and Pulp, Cosmetics and Accessories, Cereals & Pulses
Total Exports ValueUSD 3,593.601 Billion
Total Imports ValueUSD 2,715.999 Billion
Foreign Trade BalanceUSD 1 Billion (Excess)
Foreign Relations with India
Trade Agreements with IndiaAsia Paci?c Trade Agreement(APTA), Partial Scope Agreement (PSA) and Economic Integration Agreement (EIA), Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Bilateral Trade
Major Exports to IndiaElectrical Products, Machinery & Appliances, Chemical Products, Plastics and Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Instruments & Optical Solutions, Agriculture & Farming Products and Solutions, Glass and glassware, Silk & Textiles, Ceramic Products, Books and Papers, Hides, Leather & Tannery, Cosmetics and Accessories, Other Products
Major Imports from IndiaGems & Jewellery, Chemical Products, Mining, Metals & Minerals, Fisheries, Sea Food & Crustaceans, Machinery & Appliances, Electrical Products, Cereals & Pulses, Edible Oils & Seeds, Spices, Cosmetics and Accessories, Silk & Textiles, Hides, Leather & Tannery
India's Imports ValueUSD 98,505.77 Million
India's Exports ValueUSD 15,306.10 Million
Trade Balance with IndiaUSD 83 Million (Excess)
Indian Embassy Details for ChinaEmbassy of India
H.E.Shri Pradeep Kumar Rawat
Honourable Ambassador
5, Liang Ma Qiao Bei Jie, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People's Republic of China
00-86-10-85312500 / 2501 / 2502 / 2503

Consulate General of India in Shanghai
Dr. N. Nandakumar
Consul General
1008, Shanghai International Trade Centre, 2201, Yan An [West] Road, Shanghai –200336,P.R. China.
00-86-21-62758882 / 85 / 86

Consulate General of India in Hong Kong
Ms. Satwant Khanalia
Consul General
16/F, United Centre, 95 Queensway, Admiralty, Hong Kong SAR,China., [*Also administrative/consular jurisdiction for Macau (SAR, PRC)].
00-852-39709900, 39709922

Consulate General of India in Guangzhou
Mr. Shambhu L. Hakki
Consul General
1-4, 14th Floor, Haihang Dasha (HNA) Tower, 8 Linhe Zhong Road, Tianhe Distt.,, Guangzhou-510610, Peoples Republic of China.
00-86-20-85501501 to 05

Embassy Details of China in IndiaEmbassy of the Peoples Republic of China
H.E.Ms. Ma Jia
Charge d Affaires
50 DShantipathChanakyapuriNew Delhi-110021
+91-11-2611-2345 (O)

Consulate General in Mumbai
Mr. Kong Xianhua
Consul General
227 Backbay Reclamation, (11-floor) Nariman Point Mumbai 400 021
+91-22-5632 4303 - 06 (O)

Consulate General in Kolkata
Mr. Zha Liyou
Consul General
EC-72 Sector-1 Salt Lake City Kolkata - 700064.

033-40045200 (O)